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Characteristics of fireproof hinges

2024-01-22

A fireproof hinge, also known as a fire-rated hinge, is a type of hinge designed to be used in fire-rated doors and frames. These hinges play a crucial role in maintaining the integrity of fire-rated assemblies by helping to slow down the spread of fire and smoke. Here are some key characteristics of fireproof hinges:

1. Fire Rating: Fireproof hinges are specifically tested and rated for use in fire-rated doors. The rating indicates the amount of time the hinge can withstand exposure to fire and high temperatures while still performing its function. Common fire ratings include 20 minutes, 45 minutes, 60 minutes, and 90 minutes.

2. Material: Fireproof hinges are often made from materials that are resistant to high temperatures. Stainless steel is a common choice due to its strength and heat resistance.

3. Ball Bearing Design: Many fireproof hinges use a ball bearing design, which includes ball bearings between the hinge knuckles. This design helps reduce friction and allows the door to operate smoothly.

4. Continuous Hinges: Continuous hinges, also known as piano hinges, are often used in fire-rated doors. These hinges run the full length of the door and provide continuous support, contributing to the door's overall fire resistance.

5. Compliance with Standards: Fireproof hinges need to comply with industry standards and testing procedures related to fire safety. These standards may be established by organizations such as Underwriters Laboratories (UL) or other relevant authorities.

6. Installation in Fire-Rated Assemblies: Fireproof hinges must be installed correctly within fire-rated door and frame assemblies to ensure their effectiveness. Improper installation can compromise the integrity of the fire-rated system.

7. Number of Hinges: The number of fireproof hinges required on a fire-rated door is often determined by building codes and regulations. The correct placement and quantity of hinges are crucial for maintaining the door's fire resistance.

8. Compatibility with Fire Door Materials: Fireproof hinges should be compatible with the materials used in fire-rated doors. This includes considerations for the type of door core and facing materials.

When specifying or installing fireproof hinges, it is important to work with products that are tested and certified for their intended fire rating. Additionally, adherence to building codes and regulations is essential to ensure the overall effectiveness of fire-rated door assemblies. Professional consultation and installation are recommended to meet safety requirements.




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